It is only natural for rugs to absorb dust and grime that not only penetrates the fiber (wool or silk) on the top of the rug but also into the foundation of the rug, losing their original luster and clarity of design. A hand knotted rug with more than 32 colors when dirty, only 5 or 6 colors will be visible
Washing Oriental rugs should be left to the professionals and there’s no one better at that than Azhar’s Oriental Rugs.
Azhar’s Oriental Rugs has invested in building customized machinery that is designed specifically to simulate the techniques of cleaning of Oriental rugs that have been utilized for centuries.
For achieving a successful quality washing in the first round it help to understand the most important step. Thoroughly removing all size of particles from the rug before commencing washing. If you do not successfully remove the dust you are merely scrubbing the dust into the rug.
All rugs contains many sizes of dust particles located on the surface, deep inside the pile in and around the foundation also very fine dust with time that is embedded in the fat cell of the organic wool or silk materials.
For achieving a successful quality washing in the first round it helps to understand the most important step: Thoroughly removing all size of particles from the rug before commencing washing. If you do not successfully remove the dust you are merely scrubbing the dust into the rug.
Your rug is placed into a dusting machine that is 24 ft long and 20 ft wide. The machine consists of rotating octagonal cylinder Thousands of 6 inch leather strips are attached to this cylinder. The cylinder can be rotated at variable rotating speeds.
The rug moves horizontally on the table while the leather strips rotate and repeatedly strike every square inch of the back of the rug. The rug goes back and forth on the table covering the entire length for about 20-30 minutes until the operator is satisfied that all large and small dust particles located on the surface and deep into the foundation of rug has been loosened and removed.
Large surface dust particles and finer, deeper particles fall into a funnel where they are sucked out using a large vacuum attached to the machine.
Exclusive Cleaning & Washing Process
- Each rug is transferred into an individual machine and completely immersed in a vinegar solution.
- It then rotates at a slow speed (below 10 RPM) at a water temperature that goes up to 140 degree F when required.
- The process is monitored closely by an operator who changes the water a number of times until the water flowing in the machine is absolutely clean (see video).
- Our exclusive immersion washing process ensures complete removal of all type of stains as well as bacteria, allergens and other organic materials that may be present in the rugs.
This machinery was designed to mimic the ancient process of washing rugs on river banks and utilizing the powerful current of the river to extract dust particles.
Please watch videos of our washing process/immersion process,
Shampooing & Rinsing
Back of the rug:
- Rugs are laid upside down in a washing pit as an automatic rotating machine equipped with four 20” soft scrubbers (made from natural plant based material) gently scrubs them.
- The machine moves back and forth at a very slow speed continuously dispensing water and shampoo.
- Two additional employees monitor the machine, 1 stands in the front and the other remains behind the machine with large 24” scrubbers. Please view video of the machine in operation.
Front of the rug:
- When the water coming out of the rug looks clear, the rug is placed right side up.
- The dust embedded in the rug surfaces to the front of the rug, where it is squeezed out.
- This process is repeated with shampoo and water until there is a visible difference in the brightness of the colors of the rug and the water coming out from the sides of the machine is absolutely clear.
- Note that we only use all-natural vinegar andenvironmentally-friendly shampoo made specially for wool & silk products to clean Oriental Rugs (See video)
- Most fringes are made of cotton and we use special soap that are made specially for cleaning cotton fabric.
Thoroughly removing residual shampoo and soap.
- Each rug is rinsed again using the same scrubbing machine, using a special “rinser” with an alkaline pH of 8.5.
- The best way to remove dust from the cells of wool, silk and other natural materials is to use vinegar and other shampoos made specifically for wool & silk that have a slightly acidic pH of 5.5 to 6.5.
- Unless the rug is is neutralized to a pH of more than 7 (stable alkaline), it will cause a “browning effect (staining)” on the rug, even a few days. Inexperienced rug cleaning companies commonly skip this rinsing step making the mistake of leaving the rug in an acidic pH below 7
Final Washing out of residual Shampoo, Soap & Rinser
- We use a specially designed pressure washing machine that dispenses high volume of water at low to moderate pressure to remove residual soap, shampoo and rinser.
- After the colors of the rug are bright and all the stains (stains of rust, paint, Gatorade, paint, ink, wine, food, pets) are removed, the rug is absolutely clean and it is placed in the centrifuge. (See video)
Removing all water from the Rug within five minutes utlizing different types of centrifuges:
- We have 4 centrifuges, one circular centrifuge for flat weave rugs and 3 rotary centrifuges for various sizes.
- The centrifuges operate between 1200-1400 RPM extracting large quantities of water from the rug within 5 minutes, preparing it for the drying process. (See video). At this point, all water is removed from the rug and the rug is slightly moist to the touch.
The Drying Process:
- Rugs are removed from the centrifuges and their pile is set up by brushing it at one direction.
The rugs are placed in a drying room that is equipped with 5 large humidifier and fans. These regulate the air, removing all moisture and they dry the rugs overnight.
- The humidifiers remove an additional 20 gallons of water.
Rugs dry in the sun:
- The final step to complete the washing process is to place the rug in the sun for at least 5 to 6 hours.
- The gradueal warmth from the sunlight helps to further release fat in the organic wool and silk and also very minute dust particles embedded over of the years. It is only after the removal of these particles in Azhar’s finishing process, assisted by the sun, does the rug achieve its glossy shiny luster in fine antique rug, desired by customers.
Final inspection and Finishing Process before delivery to customers:
The rugs are placed pile side up and the piles are lifted with a pile lifter. The pile lifter is equipped with soft, natural plant based material brushes rotating against the pile and simultaneously vacuuming the rugs. This process ensures that the pile, either of wool or silk is completely open and does not stick together thus making the rug soft to the touch.
By exposing the rug to the sun, fat from the fibers of the wool or silk and minute particles of dust that are embedded in the cells are brought to the surface. Our exclusive hi-tech buffing process remove the dust particles from the fat cells of the wool or silk resulting in a shinier, glossier look and a smoother texture to the pile of the rug, exactly like the original colors of the rugs. Please see video of the buffing process.
Dry steam the rug – The final step
Azhar’s Oriental Rugs uses a unique, special dry steaming process for the rugs. This process ensures that any residual bacteria, allergens, antigens, dander, pollen, etc is completely removed from the rug and the pile of the rug is set to a uniform angle akin to ironing wool & silk suits. Please see video of our dry steaming process.
YOU’LL UNDERSTAND WHY MORE THAN 250.000 CUSTOMERS… WITH MORE THAN 8000 REVIEWS HAVE CHOSEN AZHAR’S SERVICES FOR THEIR WASHING, REPAIR, PET AND STAIN REMOVALS NEEDS OVER THE LAST 45 YEARS…
THEY HAVE THE PEACE OF MIND KNOWING THE JOB WILL BE DONE CORRECTLY IN THE FIRST ROUND. YOU’LL BE OVERWHELMED BY OUR PROCESS. YOU’LL BE DELIGHTED BY THE BEFORE AND AFTER RESULTS.